Elections in India
India is the largest democracy of the world and the elections of India are the largest election exercise. The people of India directly elect the Prime Minister by participating in the General/ Lok Sabha elections every five years.
Since India has adopted the bicameral system of legislature, the parliament is composed of a lower house (Lok Sabha) and Upper House (Rajya Sabha). The Federal government of India clearly distinguishes power between the central and the state governments.
The Parliament of India has 2 houses: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Lok Sabha: The members of Lok Sabha elect the Prime Minister of the country. It is also known as the lower house and comprises a total of 552 members. From states, 530 members are selected, while 20 members in the Lok Sabha represent the union territories. The members of the Lok Sabha (MPs) are elected every 5 years.
Rajya Sabha: Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the parliament. The total strength of the Rajya Sabha is 245 members and the term of each member is 6 years. Rajya Sabha is meant for the representation of states in the parliament and Rajya Sabha MPs are elected by the members of respective state assemblies/ Electoral college of UTs. ⅓ members of Rajya Sabha retire every 2 years.
The election commission of India is the apex and powerful body that administers elections. It employs Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) for the election process. The elections for 17th Lok Sabha were scheduled between 11 April to 19 May 2019. BJP emerged as a single largest party winning 303 seats and Narendra Modi once again became the Prime Minister after 2014.